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Reverse Osmosis System

An RO system uses a semipermeable membrane to remove impurities from water and can remove up to 99% of dissolved salts, particles, colloids, organics, bacteria, and pyrogens. The water is forced through the membrane by applying pressure.

Reverse Osmosis - How it works

What is Reverse Osmosis?

The reverse osmosis process removes larger particles, molecules, and ions from water using a semipermeable membrane. It is widely considered one of the most effective methods for water purification. Here are some key points about reverse osmosis:

  • Semipermeable Membrane: This is the heart of the RO system. It is a thin layer of material that allows water to pass through while blocking the passage of impurities like salts, bacteria, and viruses.

  • Removal of Contaminants: RO can remove up to 99% of dissolved salts (ions), particles, colloids, organics, bacteria, and pyrogens from the water, making it safe for consumption.

  • Water Pressure: Water is forced through the semipermeable membrane by applying pressure. This pressure must be greater than the osmotic pressure naturally created by the dissolved salts on the other side of the membrane.

  • Stages of Filtration: An RO system usually includes several stages of filtration. The water passes through a sediment filter, carbon filter, and then the RO membrane in that order. Some systems include additional stages for even cleaner water.

Investing in an RO system is a great way to ensure that your water is pure, clean, and safe to drink.


Why is Reverse Osmosis Important?

For healthy living, reverse osmosis is crucial for ensuring access to clean, safe drinking water. In many regions, the available water is contaminated with harmful substances such as bacteria, viruses, heavy metals, pesticides, and other pollutants. Consuming such water can lead to a host of health problems, from minor ailments like gastrointestinal issues to severe diseases like cholera or lead poisoning.


The RO system is an excellent solution for purifying water in both residential and commercial settings, since it can remove a wide variety of contaminants. Moreover, it helps in reducing the dependency on bottled water, which is not only costly but also contributes to plastic pollution. By providing a reliable way to purify water, reverse osmosis contributes to better health, cost savings, and environmental sustainability.

  • Health Benefits: RO removes up to 99% of water contaminants, including harmful bacteria, viruses, and chemicals, and reducing the risk of waterborne diseases to ensure safe drinking water.

  • Cost Savings: Investing in an RO system can lead to significant cost savings in the long run by reducing the need to purchase bottled water.

  • Environmental Impact: By reducing dependency on bottled water, RO systems contribute to reducing plastic waste, a significant environmental issue.

  • Versatility: RO systems can be installed in homes, offices, and industrial settings, making it a versatile solution for clean water needs.


What are The Benefits of Reverse Osmosis?

Reverse osmosis offers a multitude of benefits that make it an ideal choice for water purification. 

As a first step, it removes microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses, as well as chemicals such as lead, chlorine, and pesticides from water. This results in better-tasting and odor-free water, which is not only healthier but also more pleasant to drink. 

Secondly, RO systems are incredibly efficient and cost-effective in the long run. While the initial investment might seem high, it eliminates the ongoing expense of purchasing bottled water, and the maintenance costs are relatively low.


Additionally, RO systems are environmentally friendly as they reduce the reliance on plastic bottles, contributing to the reduction of plastic waste. 

As a final point, RO systems can be used in multiple settings, from households to businesses and industries, making them an excellent solution for a variety of water purification needs.

  • Exceptional Water Quality: RO removes up to 99% of contaminants, resulting in cleaner, better-tasting, and odor-free water.

  • Cost-Effective: By eliminating the need for bottled water, RO systems can save significant amounts of money over time.

  • Environmentally Friendly: Contributes to reducing plastic waste by reducing the use of plastic bottles.

  • Versatility: Suitable for residential, commercial, and industrial applications.

  • Low Maintenance: Once installed, RO systems require relatively low maintenance, usually just periodic filter changes.


How Is the Reverse Osmosis System Installed?

Equipment used for reverse osmosis is either under-the-sink equipment, standing floor coolers with options of cold, hot, and room-temperature water, or countertop coolers with options of cold, hot, and room-temperature water.


A reverse osmosis system installation From Mountain Clear Inc. involves several key steps. Here is a step-by-step guide on how it is typically installed:

  • Initial Consultation: We first request pictures of the location of the installation, then quote it, and install it within two weeks.

  • Location Selection: We work with you to choose a location under the sink or possibly in some other location where the RO system will be installed. Ensure there is enough space and that the location is easily accessible for maintenance.

  • Pre-Filter Installation: Before the RO membrane is installed, the pre-filter removes sediment, chlorine, and other large particles from the water. Connect the water supply line to the pre-filter.

  • RO Membrane Installation: Next, we Install the RO membrane in the housing. The membrane is the heart of the RO system and is responsible for removing most of the contaminants.

  • Storage Tank Installation: The RO unit is then connected to the storage tank. The storage tank holds the purified water until it is needed.

  • Drain Line Installation: The drain line from the RO unit is attached to the sink drain or a standpipe. This line will carry away the wastewater produced during the filtration process.

  • Faucet Installation: The RO faucet is installed on the sink. This is where the purified water will be dispensed.

  • Final Connections: Connect all the tubing. The water line from the pre-filter goes to the RO membrane, then from the RO membrane to the storage tank, and finally from the storage tank to the RO faucet.

  • System Start-Up: Then, we will turn on the water supply and check for any leaks. Once we are sure everything is working properly, we will allow the storage tank to fill up. 


How the Reverse Osmosis Unit Works

  • Pre-Filtration: The water first passes through a pre-filter, which is usually a sediment filter or a carbon filter. This stage removes large particles like dirt, sediment, and chlorine, which can damage the RO membrane.

  • Reverse Osmosis: The pre-filtered water then passes through a semipermeable membrane, which removes bacteria, viruses, heavy metals, and dissolved salts from the water.

  • Storage: The purified water is then stored in a storage tank until it is needed.

  • Final Filtration: When the water is dispensed from the faucet, it usually passes through a final carbon filter, which removes any remaining odors or tastes and ensures the water is of the highest quality.

  • Wastewater Disposal: The RO process produces wastewater containing the removed contaminants. This water is carried away through the drain line and disposed of.

The reverse osmosis system put in by us here at Mountain Clear Inc. is serviced annually. Unlike others, we take the lead in reaching out for service scheduling, so our customers never have to wonder when they're due. If you see any issues or problems with the system before that, contact us, and we will repair them immediately.

What Exactly Does Reverse Osmosis Remove from the Water?

When it comes to removing contaminants from water, reverse osmosis is highly effective. Up to 99% of dissolved salts (ions), particles, colloids, organics, bacteria, and pyrogens can be removed. Heavy metals, pesticides, and microbial organisms cannot pass through the semipermeable membrane in the RO system. Additionally, the RO process also removes chlorine and chloramines, which are commonly used to disinfect water but can cause an unpleasant taste and odor. Ultimately, reverse osmosis provides clean, safe, and great-tasting water by removing harmful substances and impurities.

  • Dissolved Salts and Minerals: Sodium, calcium, magnesium, and other ions are removed from the water.

  • Heavy Metals: Harmful metals like lead, arsenic, and mercury are effectively removed.

  • Microorganisms: Bacteria, viruses, and other microbial organisms are filtered out.

  • Chemical Contaminants: Pesticides, herbicides, and other chemical pollutants are removed.

  • Chlorine and Chloramines: These common disinfectants are removed, improving the taste and odor of the water.

  • Particles and Colloids: Fine particles like dust, sand, and sediment are filtered out.

Call Mountain Clear Inc. today to get your reverse osmosis system serviced and ensure you are getting the cleanest and safest water possible. Don't wait, contact us now and let us take care of your water filtration needs.
Reverse Osmosis System

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